The island of Tristan da Cunha: Life in the middle of the ocean
Lost in the middle of the ocean, this island of land - Tristan da Cunha - in its way unique. This is - the most remote inhabited island on Earth. The population here is small - just three hundred people. And to the nearest land - St. Helena - more than two thousand kilometers to the nearest coast of Africa - more than 2700 kilometers ...
A. The most remote inhabited island in the world, Tristan da Cunha. This is the name of the whole archipelago, located in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The archipelago is part of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, and its capital is a very romantic name - Edinburgh of the Seven Seas.
Two. As can be seen on the map it is located almost in the center of the Atlantic.
Three. The first mention of the archipelago dates back to 1506-th year, when the coast sailed past his Portuguese navigator Trishtan da Cunha. In honor of a loved one, and was named the group of small islands. For the first time set foot on dry land Islands French sailors in 261 years!
4. And the first settler of the island was American Jonathan Lambert. Staying on the island of Tristan da Cunha in 1810, the year, an American died after two years.
Five. The main island of the archipelago was formed about a million years ago. Here is the highest point of the island - Volcano Peak Queen Mary (2055 m), because of which local residents on several occasions were forced to leave Tristan da Kunyu.
6. Constantly on the island do not live more than 300 people. Despite the warm climate, the islands do not have butterflies, reptiles and mammals. But here is the smallest inhabited by not flying bird in the world - tristansky shepherd.
7. And here is this amazing bird
Eight. Even the archipelago is remarkable that here the "visited" the heroes of Jules Verne's novel "Children of Captain Grant." It happened in their world tour.
9.10. From archipelago to Africa - 2816 miles, to South America - 3360 km, and the island of St. Helena - 2161 km.
12. The main activity of local residents is fishing. Almost all of them provide the ocean. The rest is delivered by passing ships.